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考前热身 | ACT真题里错误集中词汇整合

2018-11-20 09:06:48 作者:三立徐承达  来源:三立徐承达

      quintessential
 
  adj.: Quintessential means representing a perfect or typical example of something. 典型的
 
  e.g.: If someone tells you you’re the quintessential rock musician, that means they think that everything about you screams “rock and roll.”
  *注意前五个字母不是quite,是quint-,这个词根原本的意思是“五”。
 
  ultimate
 
  adj.: You use ultimate to describe the original source or cause of something. 最终的;根本的
 
  e.g.: "I want to be an actress, a singer, and a veterinarian, but my ultimate goal is to be President of the United States."
  *一系列中的最后一个,最终的。
 
  e.g.: However, the ultimate reason for booming demand is that access to college, especially prestigious ones, has become the arbiter of economic opportunity.
  *追本溯源的,根本的
 
  ultimately
 
  adv.: as the end result of a succession or process. 最终地
 
  e.g.: “I think he’ll ultimately respond well to it,” Walton said of Russell’s current situation.
  *副词形式更常见,一定要记住。
 
  gility
 
  n.: the gracefulness of a person or animal that is quick and nimble灵活,敏捷;轻快
 
  e.g.: Sailing solo requires a great deal of agility and arm strength, she said, and the Hudson can be unforgiving, with strong currents and wakes.
 
  反义词:
 
  lumbering adj.: awkward in movement 行动迟缓的
  clumsy adj.: A clumsy person moves or handles things in a careless, awkward way, often so that things are knocked over or broken. 笨拙的
  obtuseness n.: the quality of being slow to understand 迟钝;愚笨
 
  *同一篇文章中,新旧观点同时出现(即新观点反驳旧观点的时候)就会出现大量上面这样成对出现的形容词。如果有不认识的,可以通过句间逻辑推测正负感情,从而猜测词义。
 
  glossy
 
  adj.: Glossy magazines, leaflets, books, and photographs are produced on expensive, shiny paper.用亮光纸印刷的
 
  e.g.: glossy paper; a glossy magazine
 
  adj.: Glossy means smooth and shiny. 光滑的
 
  e.g.: glossy black hair.
 
  adj.: You can describe something as glossy if you think that it has been designed to look attractive but has little practical value or may have hidden faults. 徒有其表的
 
  e.g.: a glossy new office.
 
  gaudy
 
  adj.: If something is gaudy, it is very brightly coloured and showy. 花哨的表不满
 
  e.g.: She chose the gaudiest one there—four-inch-high ballet dancers in purple tutus, their pink legs pirouetting on a greenish four- in-hand.
 
  对比:glossy dress & gaudy dress
 

  *注意判别形容词自带的语气。
 
  contemporary
 
  adj.: Contemporary things are modern and relate to the present time. 当代的
 
  e.g.: She writes a lot of contemporary music for people like Whitney Houston.
 
  n.: Someone's contemporary is a person who is or was alive at the same time as them. 同时代的人
 
  e.g.: Like most of my contemporaries, I grew up in a vastly different world.
  *这个词非常重要,尤其作为同时代的人讲,多次出现。
 
  unparalleled
 
  adj.: If you describe something as unparalleled, you are emphasizing that it is, for example, bigger, better, or worse than anything else of its kind, or anything that has happened before. 无比的
 
  paramount
 
  adj.: Something that is paramount or of paramount importance is more important than anything else. 首要的
 
  *同样都是para,但是unparalleled是太高了不能与之平行,paramount是高的和山平行,万万不可记反。
 
  critical
 
  A critical time, factor, or situation is extremely important. 关键的
 
  e.g.: “That was a critical point in the game,” Norfolk State coach Robert Jones said.
 
  e.g.: If you're an emergency-room doctor with a patient in critical condition (on the highest alert), it's absolutely critical (vital or essential) that you be critical (careful and judicious) in your approach to their care, so that at the critical (decisive) moment, you can save their life. You must also be critical (that is, you must point out all the errors and flaws) of the jobs your colleagues are doing.
  *有这么多种用法,在理解的时候不要以偏概全。
 
  revitalize
 
  v.: To revitalize something that has lost its activity or its health means to make it active or healthy again. 使恢复元气; 使复苏
 
  e.g.: This hair conditioner is excellent for revitalizing dry, lifeless hair.
 
  revive
 
  v.: When something such as the economy, a business, a trend, or a feeling is revived or when it revives, it becomes active, popular, or successful again. 恢复; 复兴
 
  e.g.: He implausibly promised to revive the dying industry, saying he would revoke every environmental regulation that harmed coal, not just those explicitly limiting carbon emissions.
 
  v.: If you revive someone who has fainted or if they revive, they become conscious again. 使苏醒; 苏醒
 
  e.g.: She and a neighbor tried in vain to revive him.
 
  resuscitate
 
  v.: If you resuscitate someone who has stopped breathing, you cause them to start breathing again. 救醒
 
  e.g.: A guard tried unsuccessfully to resuscitate him by performing CPR, they said.
 
  v.: If you resuscitate something, you cause it to become active or successful again. 使复兴
 
  e.g.: He has submitted a bid to resuscitate the weekly magazine, which closed in April with losses of $1 million a year.
 
  renaissance
 
  n.: If something experiences a renaissance, it becomes popular or successful again after a time when people were not interested in it. 复兴
 
  e.g.: Popular art is experiencing a renaissance.
 
  *The Renaissance was the period in Europe, especially Italy, in the 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries, when there was a new interest in art, literature, science, and learning. 文艺复兴时期
 
  *这几个re-一定要记得,尤其大写加粗的Renaissance是文艺复兴!这个很重要哦!多少世纪可以不记得,但是这段时期会经常出现在各种文章中,尤其Humanity篇。
 
  imminent
 
  adj.: If you say that something is imminent, especially something unpleasant, you mean it is almost certain to happen very soon.(尤指不好的事情) 即将发生的
 
  e.g.: A Louisiana university’s collection of millions of fish and plant specimens no longer faces imminent destruction, but its ultimate resting place is still uncertain.
 
  auspicious
 
  adj.: Something that is auspicious indicates that success is likely. 有望成功的
 
  e.g.: His career as a playwright had an auspicious start.
  *迷信点说,上面两个词可以记为“凶兆的”和“吉兆的”。 

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